N,N'-Bis(1-hexylheptyl)-3,4:9,10-perylenebis(dicarboximide); 2,9-bis-(1-hexylheptyl)anthra[2,1,9-def;6,5,10-d'e'f']diisoquinoline-1,3,8,10(2H,9H)-tetraone; 2,9-bis-(7-tridecyl)anthra[2,1,9-def;6,5,10-d'e'f']diisoquinoline-1,3,8,10(2H,9H)-tetraone; RN 110590-84-6:
m.p. 157-158 °C, Rf (silica gel, CHCl3) = 0.75. – IR (KBr): ν = 2955 cm-1 m, 2927 s, 2856 m, 1697 s, 1658 s, 1595 s, 1579 m, 1507 w, 1467 w, 1435 w, 1406 m, 1339 s, 1253 m, 1210 w, 1174 m, 1124 w, 1107 w, 960 w, 850 w, 810 m, 795 w, 747 m, 725 w. – UV (CHCl3): λmax (ε) = 458 nm (13430), 489 (51400), 526.3 (85700). – UV (n-heptane): λmax (ε) = 449 nm (19100), 479 (53700), 514.5 (91200). – Fluorescence (CHCl3): λmax = 534 nm, 574, 623. – Fluorescence (n-heptane): λmax = 520.5 nm, 559.5. – Fluorescence quantum yield: ~1.0. - Singlet lifetime (CHCl3): 3.95 ns. - Triplet energy: 27.5 kcal/mol (1040 nm). - Triplet lifetime: 100 ms. – 1H NMR (CDCl3): δ = 0.79 (t, 12 H), 1.25 (m, 32 H), 2.10 (m, 8 H), 5.15 (m, 2 H), 8.48 (2 d, 8 H). – 13C NMR (CDCl3): δ = 163.87 (C=O), 134.25, 131.31, 129.40, 126.22, 123.49, 122.80 (aromatic), 54.77 (C-N), 32.38, 31.78, 29.23, 26.96, 22.57, 14.03 (aliphatic). – MS (70eV): m/z (%) = 754 (13, M+), 587 (9), 586 (27), 531 (15), 530 (39), 488 (13), 461 (8), 460 (13), 392 (15), 391 (55), 390 (100), 373 (9), 368 (10), 346 (8), 284 (14). – Solubility (n-heptane, 20 °C): 780 mg/100 ml. - C50H62N2O4 (755.1): calcd. C 79.54, H 8.28, N 3.71; found C 79.67, H 8.36, N 3.81.

References, RN 110590-84-6:

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2. H. Langhals, ‘Lightfast, readily soluble perylenetetracarboxylic (bis)imide fluorescent dyes’, Ger. Offen. DE 3703495 (February 5, 1987); Chem. Abstr. 1989, 110, P59524s.

3. H. Langhals, S. Demmig, H. Huber, ‘Rotational barriers in perylene fluorescent dyes’, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 1988, 44A, 1189-1193.

4. J. Salbeck, H. Kunkely, H. Langhals, R. W. Saalfrank, J. Daub, ‘The electron-transfer behavior of fluorescent dyes perylenebisdicarboximides and dioxaindenoindenedione studied by cyclic voltammetry and UV-visible spectroelectrochemistry’, Chimia 1989, 43, 6-9; Chem. Abstr. 1989, 111, 38716.

5. H. G. Löhmannsröben, H. Langhals, ‘Laser performance of perylenebis(dicarboximide) dyes with long secondary alkyl chains’, Appl. Phys. B 1989, B48, 449-452.

6. H. Langhals, ‘(Polymeric) perylenetetracarboxylic diimide dyes having high dielectric constants’, Ger. Offen. DE 3809610.2 (March 22, 1988); Chem. Abstr. 1990, 112, P141242y.

7. H. Langhals, T. Potrawa, ‘Optical memory devices containing color changeable dyes, and dyes therefor’, PCT Int. Appl. (1990), WO 9001480; Chem. Abstr. 1990, 113, 68456.

8. R. A. Schwendener,T. Trueb, H. Schott, H. Langhals, R. F. Barth, P. Groscurth, H. Hengartner, ‘Comparative studies of the preparation of immunoliposomes with the use of two bifunctional coupling agents and investigation of in vitro immunoliposome-target cell binding by cytofluorometry and electron microscopy’, Biochim. et Biophys. Acta 1990, 1026, 69-79.

9. H. Kaiser, J. Lindner, H. Langhals, ‘Synthesis of nonsymmetrically substituted perylene fluorescent dyes’, Chem. Ber. 1991, 124, 529-535.

10. H. Langhals, H. Schott, R. A. Schwendener, ‘Antibody-labeled liposomes for diagnosis and therapy’, Ger. Offen. DE 3935257.9 (October 23, 1989); Chem. Abstr. 1991, 115, P251668m.

11. H. Langhals, S. Demmig, ‘Perylene dyes and their use as permanent toner in  electrophotography and laser printing’, Ger. Offen. DE 4007618.0 (March 10, 1990); Chem. Abstr. 1992, 116, P117172n.

12. H. Langhals, H. Kaiser, ‘Asymmetric perylene fluorescent dyes and pigments, their preparation and use’, Ger. Offen. DE 4018787.2 (June 12, 1990); Chem. Abstr. 1992, 116, P237369d.

13. H. Schott, D. von Cunow, H. Langhals, ‘Labeling of liposomes with intercalating perylene fluorescent dyes’, Biochim. et Biophys. Acta 1992, 1110, 151-157.

14. H. Langhals, S. Sprenger, M.-T. Brandherm, Perylenamidine-imide dyes’, Liebigs Ann. Chem. 1995, 481-486.

15. L. Feiler, H. Langhals, K. Polborn, ‘Synthesis of perylene-3,4-dicarboximides - novel highly photostable fluorescent dyes’, Liebigs Ann. Chem. 1995, 1229-1244.

16. H. Langhals, ‘Perylene amidine imide dyes, their preparation and their use’, Ger. Offen. 4327273.8 (August 13, 1993); Chem. Abstr. 1995, 123, P58801m.

17. H. Langhals, L. Feiler, ‘Lightfast fluorescent perylene-3,4-dicarboximide dyes, their preparation and their use’, Ger. Offen. (1995) DE 4338784; Chem. Abstr. 1995, 123, 202037.

18. H. Langhals, ‘Preparation of high-purity perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic acid 3,4-anhydride 9,10-imides’, Ger. Offen. DE 4421347.6 (June 17, 1994); Chem. Abstr. 1996, 124, 263384q.

19. H. Langhals, ‘Perylene dyes with 2 to 4 chromophores, their preparation from formamides and their use’, Ger. Offen. DE 4440242.2 (November 10, 1994); Chem. Abstr. 1996, 125, 35829d.

20. H. Langhals, ‘Perylene-3,4:9,10-tetracarboxylic diimide multichromophoric dyes, their preparation and their use’, Eur. Pat. Appl. (1996), EP 71181; Chem.Abstr. 1996, 125, 89153.

21. H. Langhals, J. Gold, ‘Tangentially coupled p systems and their through-space interaction. Trichromophoric perylene dyes’, Journ. Prakt. Chem. 1996, 338, 654-659.

22. G. Israel, M. Ciesielski, S. Bossmann, N. J. Turro, ‘Supramolecular properties of a perylenetetracarboxylic bisimide dye and their effects on the photochemistry’, Nova Acta Leopoldina, Supplementum 1996, 14, 215-229, ISSN:0369-4771; Chem. Abstr. 1997, 126, 213335.

23. H. Langhals, J. Karolin, L. B.-Å Johansson, ‘Spectroscopic properties of new and convenient standards for measuring fluorescence quantum yields’, Journ. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 1998, 94, 2919-2922.

24. H. Langhals, W. Jona, ‘The identification of carbonyl compounds by fluorescence: a novel carbonyl-derivatizing reagent’, Chem. Eur. Journ. 1998, 4, 2110-2116.

25. H. Langhals, H. Jaschke, U. Ring, P. von Unold, ‘Peryleneimidazoloimides: highly fluorescent and stable replacements of terrylene’, Angew. Chem. 1999, 111, 143-145; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1999, 38, 201-203.

26. T. Kircher, H.-G. Löhmannsröben, ‘Photoinduced charge recombination reactions of a perylene dye in acetonitrile’, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1999, 1, 3987-3992.

27. H. Langhals, S. Kirner, ‘Novel fluorescent dyes by the extension of the core of perylenetetracarboxylic bisimides’, Eur. Journ. Org. Chem. 2000, 2, 365-380.

28. H. Langhals, ‘Methods for the establishment of fluorescence quantum yields and new fluorescence standards’, Ger. Offen. DE 19847370.2 (October 14, 1998); Chem. Abstr. 2000, 132, 286129q.

29. H. Langhals, S. Kirner, P. Blanke, M. Speckbacher, ‘Core-extended perylene bisimide colorants, their production and their use’, PCT Int. Appl. WO 0023446; Chem. Abstr. 2000, 132, 309704q.

30. H. Langhals, ‘A re-examination of the line shape of the electronic spectra of complex molecules in solution: log-normal function versus Gaussian’, Spectrochim. Acta, Part A 2000, 56A, 2207-2210.

31. S. Kalinin, M. Speckbacher, H. Langhals, L. B.-Å Johansson, ‘A new and versatile fluorescence standard for quantum yield determination’, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2001, 3, 172-174.

32. H. Langhals, H. Jaschke, P. von Unold, U. Ring, ‘Matched dyes for information recording’, Journ. Infor. Rec. 2000, 25, 105-110.

33. S. Dukler, ‘Genuine printing refill and method’, PCT Int. Appl. (2001), WO 2001017784; Chem. Abstr. 2001, 134, 224153.

34. H. Langhals, C. Wagner, R. Ismael, ‘Star-like oriented chromophores’, New Journ. of Chem. 2001, 25, 1047-1049.

35. I. Renge, C. G. Hubner, A. Renn, H. Langhals, U. P. Wild, 'Slow photochemical transformations of single dye molecules in polymer environment at room temperature', J. Lumines. 2002, 98, 91-96.

36. H. Langhals, P. Blanke, ‘Perylenetetracarboxylic diimide fluorescent near-IR dyes, their production and their use’, Ger. Offen. DE 10132116.3 (July 3, 2001); Chem. Abstr. 2003, 138, 138778.

37. Ruchuan Liu, M. W. Holman, Ling Zang, D. M. Adams, ‘Single-Molecule Spectroscopy of Intramolecular Electron Transfer in Donor-Bridge-Acceptor Systems’, Journ. Phys. Chem. A 2003, 107, 6522-6526.

38. H. Langhals, P, Blanke, ‘An approach to novel NIR dyes utilizing a-effect donor groups’, Dyes and Pigm. 2003, 59, 109-116.

39. H. Langhals, S. Saulich, ‘Chromophores as elements of structure for pico technology optical computers’, Zeitschr. Naturforsch., B 2003, 58, 695-697.

40. M. W. Holman, Ruchuan Liu, D. M. Adams, ‘Single-Molecule Spectroscopy of Interfacial Electron Transfer’, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 12649-12654.

41. G. J. Mohr, ‘Tailoring the sensitivity and spectral properties of a chromoreactand for the detection of amines and alcohols’, Anal. Chim. Acta 2004, 508, 233-237.

42. B. M. Sager, M. R. Roscheisen, K. Petritsch, G. Smestad, J. Fidanza, G. A. Miller, Dong Yu, ‘Optoelectronic devices comprising filled pore structures and their fabrication’, U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2004), US 2004084080; Chem. Abstr. 2004, 140, 397201.

43. B. Sager, M. Roscheisen, K. Petritsch, K. Pichler, J. Fidanza, Dong Yu., ‘Photovoltaic devices fabricated by growth from porous template’, PCT Int. Appl. (2004), WO 2004044948; Chem. Abstr. 2004, 140. 426122.

44. T. Kawai, S. Yoshihara, Y. Iwata, T. Fukaminato, M. Irie, ‘Anisotropic translational diffusion of single fluorescent perylene molecules in a nematic liquid crystal’, Chem. Phys. Chem. 2004, 5, 1606-1609.

45. M. W. Holman, Ruchuan Liu, Ling Zang, Ping Yan, S. A. DiBenedetto, R. D. Bowers, D. M. Adams, 'Studying and Switching Electron Transfer: From the Ensemble to the Single Molecule', J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 16126-16133.

46. M. R. Roscheisen, B. M. Sager, K. Pichler, 'Photovoltaic devices fabricated from insulating nanostructured template', U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2005), US 2005098205; Chem. Abstr. 2005, 142, 466443.

47. B. M. Sager, M. R. Roscheisen, K. Petritsch, K. Pichler, J. Fidanza, Dong Yu, 'Photovoltaic devices fabricated by growth from porous template', U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2005), US 2005121068; Chem. Abstr. 2005, 143, 29504.

48. S. Fukuzumi, K. Ohkubo, J. Ortiz, A. M. Gutierrez, F. Fernandez-Lazaro, A. Sastre-Santos, 'Formation of a long-lived charge-separated state of a zinc phthalocyanine-perylenediimide dyad by complexation with magnesium ion', Chem. Commun. 2005, 30, 3814-3816.

49. H. Langhals, K.-H. Brinkmann, 'Leakage test of closed systems by fluorescence dyes', Ger. Offen. DE 102004008480.7 (Ferbruary 20, 2004); Chem. Abstr. 2005, 143, 268292.

50. H. Langhals, H. Jaschke, H. Bastani-Oskoui, M. Speckbacher, 'Perylene Dyes with High Resistance to Alkali', Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2005, 20, 4313-4321.

51. M. Speckbacher, J. Baumeister, 'Use of fluorescent perylene compounds for the treatment of human hair', PCT Int. Appl. WO 2005123012 (Jan. 6, 2005); Chem. Abstr. 2005, 144, 93800.

52. H. Langhals, R. El-Shishtawy, P. von Unold, M. Rauscher, 'Methoxyperylene bisimides and perylene lactam imides: novel, red fluorescent dyes', Chem. Eur. J. 2006, 12, 4642-4645.

53. E. E. Neuteboom, S. C. J. Meskers, E. H. A. Beckers, S. Chopin, R. A. J. Janssen, 'Solvent Mediated Intramolecular Photoinduced Electron Transfer in a Fluorene-Perylene Bisimide Derivative', J. Phys. Chem. A 2006, 110, 12363-12371.

54. N. So, T. Imato, T. Fukaminato, T. Ariyoshi, 'Preparation of perylene derivative for detecting peroxidized lipids', Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho (Dec. 21, 2006), JP 2006342135; Chem. Abstr. 2006, 146, 82027.

55. C. Leidholm, B. Bollman, J. R.Sheats, S, Kao, M. R. Roscheisen, Martin, 'Formation of solar cells with conductive barrier layers and foil substrates', U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (Jan. 4, 2007), US 2007000537; Chem. Abstr. 2007, 146, 125309.

56. H. Langhals, R. El-Shishtawy, P. von Unold, M. Rauscher, 'Methoxyperylenebisimides and perylene lactamimides as perylene dyes with red fluorescence', Ger. Offen. (Sept. 22, 2005), DE 102005045375; Chem. Abstr. 2007, 146, 381816.

57. Yanke Che, A. Datar, K. Balakrishnan, Ling Zang, 'Ultralong Nanobelts Self-Assembled from an Asymmetric Perylene Tetracarboxylic Diimide', J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 7234-7235.

58. H. Langhals, U. Ritter, 'Stable radical anions from perylene-3,4:9,10-tetra-bis-imides', Ger. Offen. (Oct. 3, 2006), DE 102006011270; Chem. Abstr. 2007, 147, 345624.

59. H. Langhals, U. Ritter, 'Stable radical anions from perylene-3,4:9,10-tetra-bis-imides as near-IR-absorbing dyes', Ger. Offen. (Oct. 3, 2006), DE 102006011269; Chem. Abstr. 2007, 147, 367019.

60. H. Langhals, U. Ritter, 'Stable radical anions from perylene-3,4:9,10-tetra-bis-imides for dyeing hair', Ger. Offen. (Oct. 3, 2006), DE 102006011271; Chem. Abstr. 2007, 147, 345625.

61. H. Langhals, 'Perylene and indigo dyes as fluorescent nanoparticles in aqueous phase', Ger. Offen. DE 102006020190 (May 5, 2006); Chem. Abstr. 2007, 147, 503859.

62. N. Soh, T. Ariyoshi, T. Fukaminato, H. Nakajima, K. Nakano, T. Imato, 'Swallow-tailed perylene derivative: a new tool for fluorescent imaging of lipid hydroperoxides.', Org. & Biomol. Chem. 2007, 5, 3762-3768.

63. P. Capps, P. Adriani, J. R. Sheats, 'Individually encapsulated solar cells and solar cell strings having a hybrid organic/inorganic protective layer.' U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. US 2007295389 (Dec. 27, 2007); Chem. Abstr. 2007, 148, 103310.

64. H. Langhals, 'Brightly shining nanoparticles: lipophilic perylene bisimides in aqueous phase', N. Journ. Chem. 2008, 32, 21-23.

65. T. Kawai, A. Kubota, K. Kawamura, H. Tsumatori, T. Nakashima, 'Single molecule fluorescence autocorrelation measurement on anisotropic molecular diffusion in nematic liquid crystal',. Thin Solid Films 2008, 516, 2666-2669; Chem.Abstr. 2008, 148, 451148.

66. H. Langhals, M. Rauscher, 'Perylene dye anions with NIR absorption, strong fluorescence and large Stokes' shift' Ger. Offen. DE 102006048638 (Apr. 17, 2008); Chem. Abstr. 2008, 148, 451164.

67. T. J. Marks, H. Yan, A. Fachetti, 'Organic semiconductor materials and methods of preparing and use thereof' PCT Int. Appl. WO 2008051552 (May 2, 2008); Chem. Abstr. 2008, 148, 518327.

68. H. Langhals, J. Gold, 'Fluorescent perylene dyes with imidazolyl groups in the side chains, Ger. Offen. (2007), DE 102005038665 A1 20070222; Chem. Abstr. 2007, 146, 253567.

69. T. Kawai, K. Kawamura, H. Tsumatori, M. Ishikawa, M. Naito, M. Fujiki, T. Nakashima, 'Circularly polarized luminescence of a fluorescent chiral binaphtylene-perylenebiscarboxydiimide dimer', Chem. Phys. Chem. 2007, 8, 1465-1468.

70. P. M. Adriani, J. Scholz, M. R. Roscheisen, 'Structures for low cost, reliable solar modules', PCT Int. Appl. (2008), WO 2008136872 A2 20081113; Chem. Abstr. 2008, 149, 560224.

71. F. Montilla, R. Esquembre, R. Gomez, R. Blanco, J. L. Segura, 'Spectroelectrochemical Study of Electron and Energy Transfer in Poly(fluorene-alt-phenylene) with Perylenediimide Pendant Groups', J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112, 16668-16674.

72. A. Boehm, A. Grimm, B. S.Richards, 'Photovoltaic modules with improved quantum efficiency', PCT Int. Appl. (2008), WO 2008110567 A1 20080918; Chem. Abstr. 2008, 149, 382285.

73. C. R. Leidholm, B. Bollman, J. R. Sheats, S. Kao, M. R. Roscheisen, 'Photovoltaic devices with conductive barrier layers and foil substrates', U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2008), US 20080308148 A1 20081218; Chem. Abstr. 2008, 150, 38224.

74. H. Langhals, S. Poxleitner, O. Krotz, T. Pust, A. Walter, 'FRET in orthogonally arranged chromophores', Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2008, 27, 4559-4562.

75. M. Tasior, D. T. Gryko, J. Shen, K. M. Kadish, T. Becherer, H. Langhals, B. Ventura, L. Flamigni, 'Energy- and Electron-Transfer Processes in Corrole-Perylenebisimide-Triphenylamine Array', J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112, 19699-19709.

76. S. Fukuzumi, K. Ohkubo, J. Ortiz, A. M. Gutierrez, F. Fernandez-Lazaro, A. Sastre-Santos, 'Control of Photoinduced Electron Transfer in Zinc Phthalocyanine-Perylenediimide Dyad and Triad by the Magnesium Ion', J. Phys. Chem. A 2008, 112, 10744-10752.

77. H. Langhals, 'Brightly shining nanoparticles: lipophilic perylene bisimides in aqueous phase', New J. Chem. 2008, 32, 21-23.

78. D. Veldman, S. C. J. Meskers, R. A. J. Janssen, 'The energy of charge-transfer states in electron donor-acceptor blends: insight into the energy losses in organic solar cells', Adv. Funct. Mater. 2009, 19, 1939-1948.

79. H. Langhals, A. J. Esterbauer, S. Kinzel, 'Red shining silica: macroscopic pigments and nanoparticles by silylation', New J. Chem. 2009, 33, 1829-1832.

80. P. J. Cywinski, A. J. Moro, S. E. Stanca, C. Biskup, G. J.Mohr, 'Ratiometric porphyrin-based layers and nanoparticles for measuring oxygen in biosamples', Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical 2009, 135, 472-477.

81. T. Fukaminato, T. Doi, M. Tanaka, M. Irie, 'Photocyclization reaction of diarylethene-perylenebisimide dyads upon irradiation with visible (>500 nm) light', J. Phys. Chem. C 2009, 113, 11623-11627.

82. T. Maki, N. Soh, T. Fukaminato, H. Nakajima, K. Nakano, T. Imato, 'Perylenebisimide-linked nitroxide for the detection of hydroxyl radicals', Analytica Chim. Acta 2009, 639, 78-82.

83. M. Koenemann, T. Noe, Z. Bao, J. Hak Oh, 'Method for producing substrates coated with rylene tetracarboxylic acid diimides', PCT Int. Appl. (2009), WO 2009037283 A1 20090326; Chem. Abstr. 2009, 150, 387104.

84. G. Calzaferri, A. Kunzmann, D. Bruehwiler, C. Baur, 'Luminescence concentrators and luminescence dispersers on the basis of oriented dye-zeolite antennas', Switz., Pat. (2009), CH 698333 B1 20090715; Chem. Abstr. 2011, 154, 52734.

85. H. Langhals, A. Obermeier, Y. Floredo, A. Zanelli, L. Flamigni, 'Light-Driven Charge Separation in Isoxazolidine-Perylene Bisimide Dyads', Chem. Europ. J. 2009, 15, 12733-12744.

86. S. Foster, C. E. Finlayson, P. E. Keivanidis, Y.-S. Huang, I. Hwang, R. H. Friend, M. B. J. Otten, L.-P. Lu, E. Schwartz, R. J. M. Nolte, et al., 'Improved Performance of Perylene-Based Photovoltaic Cells Using Polyisocyanopeptide Arrays', Macromolecules (Washington, DC, U.S.) 2009, 42, 2023-2030.

87. J. Schuette, R. Bechstein, P. Rahe, M. Rohlfing, A. Kuehnle, H. Langhals, 'Imaging perylene derivatives on rutile TiO2(110) by noncontact atomic force microscopy', Phys. Rev. B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2009, 79, 045428/1-045428/8.

88. H. Langhals, A. J. Esterbauer, 'Fluorescent Silica Nanoparticles by Silylation', Chem. Europ. J. 2009, 15, 4793-4796.

89. H. Langhals, A. Obermeier, S. Kinzel, 'Fluorescent diazepinoperylene dyes with large Stokes shift', Ger. Offen. (2009), DE 102007059683 A1 20090618; Chem. Abstr. 2009, 151, 58172.

90. H. Langhals, S. Kinzel, A. Obermeier, 'Fluorescent diazepinoperylene dyes with large Stokes shift', PCT Int. Appl. (2009), WO 2009074675 A1 20090618; Chem. Abstr. 2009, 151, 58174.

91. F. J. Cespedes-Guirao, S. Garcia-Santamaria, F. Fernandez-Lazaro, A. Sastre-Santos, H. J. Bolink, 'Efficient electroluminescence from a perylenediimide fluorophore obtained from a simple solution processed OLED', J. Physics D: Applied Physics 2009, 42, 105106/1-105106/6.

92. Qifan Yan, Dahui Zhao, 'Conjugated Dimeric and Trimeric Perylenediimide Oligomers', Org. Lett. 2009, 11, 3426-3429.

93. V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. M. Villalvilla, J. A. Quintana, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. M. S. Retolaza, 'Second-order distributed feedback lasers based on films containing perylenediimide derivatives', Proc. of SPIE 2010, 7722 (Organic Photonics IV), 77221G/1-77221G/9.

94. H. Langhals, U. Ritter, 'Preparation of naphthaldiimide radical anions as near infrared dyes', Ger. Offen. (2010), DE 102008036495 A1 20100211; Chem. Abstr. 2010, 152, 262528.

95. H. Langhals, T. Pust, 'Perylenetetracarboxylic diimide dye-containing micellar nanoparticles and applications', Ger. Offen. (2010), DE 102009008661 A1 20100819; Chem. Abstr. 2010, 153, 336212.

96. H. Langhals, A. J. Esterbauer, S. Kinzel, 'Perylene dyes used for imparting red fluorescence to silica pigments and nanoparticles', Ger. Offen. (2010), DE 102010011065 A1 20101021; Chem. Abstr. 2010, 153, 532606.

97. I. D. Mackie, G. A. Di Labio, 'Importance of the Inclusion of Dispersion in the Modeling of Asphaltene Dimers', Energy & Fuels 2010, 24, 6468-6475.

98. V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, M. G. Ramirez, V. Navarro-Fuster, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, 'Highly photostable solid-state organic distributed feedback laser fabricated via thermal nanoimprint lithography', Microelectronic Engineering 2010, 87, 1428-1430.

99. V. Navarro-Fuster, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, V. Trabadelo, A. Juarros, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, 'Highly photostable organic distributed feedback laser emitting at 573 nm', Appl. Phys. Lett. 2010, 97, 171104/1-171104/3.

100. Ling Zang, Yanke Che, 'Fluorescent materials for highly sensitive and selective sensing of amines and nanofiber materials made therefrom', U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2010), US 20100197039 A1 20100805; Chem. Abstr. 2010, 153, 302810.

101. T. Fukaminato, M. Tanaka, T. Doi, N. Tamaoki, T. Katayama, A. Mallick, Y. Ishibashi, H. Miyasaka, M. Irie, 'Fluorescence photoswitching of a diarylethene-perylenebisimide dyad based on intramolecular electron transfer', Photochem. & Photobiol. Sciences 2010, 9, 181-187.

102. Z. Zhou, J. L. Brusso, S. Holdcroft, 'Directed Growth of 1D Assemblies of Perylene Diimide from a Conjugated Polymer', Chem. Materials 2010, 22, 2287-2296.

103. R. D. Pensack, J. B. Asbury, 'Beyond the Adiabatic Limit: Charge Photogeneration in Organic Photovoltaic Materials', J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2010, 1, 2255-2263.

104. E. L. Nordgaard, G. Soerland, J. Sjoeblom, 'Behavior of Asphaltene Model Compounds at W/O Interfaces', Langmuir 2010, 26, 2352-2360.

105. H. Langhals, T. Pust, 'Axially Extended Perylene Dyes', Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2010, 16, 3140-3145.

106. H. Langhals, S. Kinzel, 'Thermochromism of perylenes: Dynamics in aromatics', Spectrochim. Acta, Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 2011, 78A, 1212-1214.

107. M. Roscheisen, P. Adriani, 'Thermal management for photovoltaic devices', U.S. (2011), US 7985919 B1 20110726; Chem. Abstr. 2011, 155, 246569.

108. M. T. Usowicz, M. J. Kelley, K. D. Singer, V. V. Duzhko, 'Tailored One- and Two-Dimensional Self-Assembly of a Perylene Diimide Derivative in Organic Solvents', J. Phys. Chem. B 2011, 115, 9703-9709.

109. Hyunbong Choi, Sanghyun Paek, Juman Song, Chulwoo Kim, Nara Cho, Jaejung Ko, 'Synthesis of annulated thiophene perylene bisimide analogues: Their applications to bulk heterojunction organic solar cells', Chem. Commun. (Cambridge, United Kingdom) 2011, 47, 5509-5511.

110. J. Schuette, R. Bechstein, P. Rahe, H. Langhals, M. Rohlfing, A. Kuehnle, 'Single-molecule switching with non-contact atomic force microscopy', Nanotechnology 2011, 22, 245701/1-245701/6.

111. P. E. Keivanidis, F. Laquai, I. A. Howard, R. H. Friend, 'Room-Temperature Phase Demixing in Bulk Heterojunction Layers of Solution-Processed Organic Photodetectors: The Effect of Active Layer Aging on the Device Electro-optical Properties', Adv. Funct. Materials 2011, 21, 1355-1363.

112. M. Hasegawa, 'Organic semiconductor material containing perylenetetracarboxylic acid diimide compound, and organic semiconductor element', PCT Int. Appl. (2011), WO 2011105152 A1 20110901; Chem. Abstr. 2011, 155, 369418.

113. A. B. Andrews, W.-C. Shih, O. C. Mullins, K. Norinaga, 'Molecular size determination of coal-derived asphaltene by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy', Applied Spectrosc. 2011, 65, 1348-1356.

114. Y. Huang, J. Hu, W. Kuang, Z. Wei, C. F. J. Faul, 'Modulating helicity through amphiphilicity-tuning supramolecular interactions for the controlled assembly of perylenes', Chem. Comm. (Cambridge, United Kingdom) 2011, 47, 5554-5556.

115. H. Langhals, S. Kinzel, T. Pust, 'Manufacture of fluorescent nanoparticles by reaction of polyvinyl alcohol with aldehyde group-containing chromophores', PCT Int. Appl. (2011), WO 2011092028 A1 20110804; Chem. Abstr. 2011, 155, 212326.

116. H. Langhals, T. Pust, 'Lipophilic optical supramolecular nano devices in the aqueous phase', Green and Sustainable Chemistry 2011, 1, 1-6.

117. T. Teraoka, S. Hiroto, H. Shinokubo, 'Iridium-Catalyzed Direct Tetraborylation of Perylene Bisimides', Org. Lett. 2011, 13, 2532-2535.

118. Y. Che, H. Huang, M. Xu, C. Zhang, B. R. Bunes, X. Yang, L. Zang, 'Interfacial Engineering of Organic Nanofibril Heterojunctions into Highly Photoconductive Materials', J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2011, 133, 1087-1091.

119. M. Busby, A. Devaux, C. Blum, V. Subramaniam, G. Calzaferri, L. De Cola, 'Interactions of Perylene Bisimide in the One-Dimensional Channels of Zeolite L', J. Phys. Chem. C 2011, 115, 5974-5988.

120. P. Capps, P. Adriani, J. R. Sheats, 'Individually encapsulated solar cells and solar cell strings', U.S. (2011), US 8039739 B1 20111018; Chem. Abstr. 2011, 155, 567458.

121. M. G. Ramirez, P. G. Boj, V. Navarro-Fuster, I. Vragovic, J. M. Villalvilla, I. Alonso, V. Trabadelo, S. Merino, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, 'Efficient organic distributed feedback lasers with imprinted active films', Optics Express 2011, 19, 22443-22454.

122. H. Langhals, A. Hofer, S. Bernhard, J. S. Siegel, P. Mayer, 'Axially Chiral Bichromophoric Fluorescent Dyes Quick View Other Sources', J. Org. Chem. 2011, 76, 990-992.

123. E. M. Calzado, M. G. Ramirez, P. G. Boj, M. A. Diaz Garcia, 'Thickness dependence of amplified spontaneous emission in low-absorbing organic waveguides', Applied Optics 2012, 51, 3287-3293.

124. I. Renge, 'Solvatochromic shift mechanisms of centrosymmetric chromophores in polar liquids', J. Photochem. Photobiol., A: Chemistry 2012, 239, 7-16.

125. R. B. Teklebrhan, L. Ge, S. Bhattacharjee, Z. Xu, J. Sjoblom, 'Probing Structure-Nanoaggregation Relations of Polyaromatic Surfactants: A Molecular Dynamics Simulation and Dynamic Light Scattering Study', J. Phys. Chem. B 2012, 116, 5907-5918.

126. R. Voloshchuk, D. T. Gryko, M. Chotkowski, A. I. Ciuciu, L. Flamigni, 'Photoinduced Electron Transfer in an Amine-Corrole-Perylene Bisimide Assembly: Charge Separation over Terminal Components Favoured by Solvent Polarity', Chem. Europ. J. 2012, 18, 14845-14859.

127. Ling Zang, Yanke Che, 'Nanofiber-based heterojunction approach for high photoconductivity on organic materials', PCT Int. Appl. (2012), WO 2012051553 A2 20120419; Chem. Abstr. 2012, 156, 549383.

128. O. Boudrioua, H. Yang, Ph. Sonnet, L. Stauffer, A. J. Mayne, G. Comtet, G.Dujardin, Y. Kuk, S. Nagarajan, A. Gourdon, et al. 'Large organic molecule chemisorption on the SiC(0001) surface', Phys. Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2012, 85, 035423/1-035423/6.

129. H. Yang, O. Boudrioua, A. J. Mayne, G. Comtet, G. Dujardin, Y. Kuk, Ph. Sonnet, L. Stauffer, S. Nagarajan, A. Gourdon, 'Insulating contact between chemisorbed molecule and wide band gap semiconductor surface; molecular electronics Quick View Other Sources', Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2012, 14, 1700-1705.

130. E. M. Calzado, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, V. Navarro-Fuster, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, 'Influence of the excitation area on the thresholds of organic second-order distributed feedback lasers', Appl. Phys. Lett. 2012, 101, 223303/1-223303/5.

131. C. Vijayakumar, B. Balan, A. Saeki, T. Tsuda, S. Kuwabata, S. Seki, 'Gold Nanoparticle Assisted Self-Assembly and Enhancement of Charge Carrier Mobilities of a Conjugated Polymer', J. Phys. Chem. C 2012, 116, 17343-17350.

132. V. Navarro-Fuster, I. Vragovic, E. M. Calzado, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, A. Juarros, D. Otaduy, S. Merino, et al., 'Film thickness and grating depth variation in organic second-order distributed feedback lasers', J. Appl. Physics 2012, 112, 043104/1-043104/12.

133. I.-S. Shin, T. Hirsch, B. Ehrl, D.-H. Jang, O. S. Wolfbeis, J.-I. Hong, 'Efficient Fluorescence Turn-On Sensing of Dissolved Oxygen by Electrochemical Switching', Anal. Chemistry (Washington, DC, United States) 2012, 84, 9163-9168.

134. E. Lim, F. Gao, E. Schwartz, J. J. L. M. Cornelissen, R. J. M. Nolte, A. E. Rowan, N. C. Greenham, L.-M. Do, 'Carbazole functionalized isocyanide brushes in heterojunction photovoltaic devices', J. Nanoscience and Nanotechnol. 2012, 12, 503-507.

135. H. Langhals, A. Hofer, 'Using imidazoloterrylene bisimides for contactless temperature measurement in hard accessible areas', Ger. Offen. (2013), DE 102012008287 A1 20131017; Chem. Abstr. 2013, 159, 610183.

136. F. S. Goodson, D. K. Panda, S. Ray, A. Mitra, S. Guha, S. Saha, 'Tunable electronic interactions between anions and perylenediimide', Org. & Biomol. Chem. 2013, 11, 4797-4803.

137. H. Langhals, S. Christian, A. Hofer, 'Substitution of Aromatics by Amines at Room Temperature with Negative Energy of Activation: Amino peri-Arylenes as Metal-Free Components for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells', J. Org. Chem. 2013, 78, 9883-9891.

138. M. Myahkostupov, V. Prusakova, D. G. Oblinsky, G. D. Scholes, F. N. Castellano, 'Structural Refinement of Ladder-Type Perylenediimide Dimers: A Classical Tale of Conformational Dynamics', J. Org. Chem. 2013, 78, 8634-8644.

139. H. Yang, A. J. Mayne, G. Comtet, G. Dujardin, Y. Kuk, Ph. Sonnet, L. Stauffer, S. Nagarajan, A. Gourdon, 'STM imaging, spectroscopy and manipulation of a self-assembled PTCDI monolayer on epitaxial graphene', Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2013, 15, 4939-4946.

140. L. Flamigni, A. Zanelli, H. Langhals, B. Boeck, 'Photoinduced processes in a dyad made of a linear and an angular perylene bisimide', Photochem & Photobiol. Sciences 2013, 12, 2137-2145.

141. M. G. Ramirez, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, P. G. Boj, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, 'Perylenediimide-based distributed feedback lasers with holographic relief gratings on dichromated gelatine', J. of Appl. Physics (Melville, NY, U.S.) 2013, 114, 033107/1-033107/9.

142. P. D. Sylvester, H. E. Ryan, C. D. Smith, A. S. Micallef, Carl H. Schiesser, U. Wille, 'Perylene-based profluorescent nitroxides for the rapid monitoring of polyester degradation upon weathering: An assessment', Polymer Degradation and Stability 2013, 98, 2054-2062.

143. H. Langhals, S. Christian, 'Perylene dyes also to the carbonyl groups of neighboring amino-groups', Ger. Offen. (2013), DE 102011116207 A1 20130418; Chem. Abstr. 2013, 158, 537052.

144. H. Langhals, M. Rauscher, 'NIR absorption of perylene dyes and fluorescence with large Stokes' shift by simple deprotonation', Zeitschr. Naturforsch., B: A Journal of Chemical Sciences 2013, 68, 683-686.

145. F. Deng, J. R. Sommer, M. Myahkostupov, K. S. Schanze, F. N.Castellano, 'Near-IR phosphorescent metalloporphyrin as a photochemical upconversion sensitizer', Chem. Commun. (Cambridge, United Kingdom) 2013, 49, 7406-7408.

146. H. Langhals, T. Schmied, M. Herman, M. Zwiener, A. Hofer, 'Marking of polymer materials with fluorescence dyes for their clear automatic sorting', Ger. Offen. (2013), DE 102012012772 A1 20131224; Chem. Abstr. 2013, 160, 63983.

147. M. G. Ramirez, M. Morales-Vidal, V. Navarro-Fuster, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. Retolaza, S. Merino, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, 'Improved performance of perylenediimide-based lasers', J. Materials Chem. C: Materials for Optical and Electronic Devices 2013, 1, 1182-1191.

148. Y. Tani, T. Seki, X. Lin, H. Kurata, S. Yagai, K. Nakayama, 'Doping Effect of CBP in Bulk-heterojunction Photovoltaic Devices Composed of P3HT and Soluble Perylene Bisimide', Mol. Crystals and Liquid Crystals 2013, 578, 88-94.

149. M. Guide, S. Pla, A. Sharenko, P. Zalar, F. Fernandez-Lazaro, A. Sastre-Santos, T.-Q. Nguyen, 'A structure-property-performance investigation of perylenediimides as electron accepting materials in organic solar cells', Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2013, 15, 18894-18899.

150. H. Langhals, A. Hofer, 'A single-step synthesis of perylene-3,4-dicarboxylic acid anhydride', Ger. Offen. (2013), DE 102012002678 A1 20130814; Chem. Abstr. 2013, 159, 334315.

151. A. Retolaza, A. Juarros, D. Otaduy, S. Merino, V. Navarro-Fuster, M. G. Ramirez, P. G. Boj, J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, 'Thermal-nanoimprint lithography for perylenediimide-based distributed feedback laser fabrication', Microelectronic Engineering 2014, 114, 52-56.

152. R. J. Ono, A. D. Todd, Z. Hu, D. A. Vanden Bout, C. W. Bielawski, 'Synthesis of a Donor-Acceptor Diblock Copolymer via Two Mechanistically Distinct, Sequential Polymerizations Using a Single Catalyst', Macromol. Rapid Commun. 2014, 35, 204-209.

153. Shifeng Miao, Yongxiang Zhu, Qing Bao, Hua Li, Najun Li, Shunjun Ji, Qingfeng Xu, Jianmei Lu, Lihua Wang, 'Solution-Processed Small Molecule Donor/Acceptor Blends for Electrical Memory Devices with Fine-Tunable Storage Performance', J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118, 2154-2160.

154. I. S. Shin, J. I. Hong, 'Oxygen sensing perylene diimide derivative chemicals emitting fluorescence by oxygen oxidation', Repub. Korean Kongkae Taeho Kongbo (2014), KR 2014109120 A 20140915; Chem. Abstr. 2014, 161, 515954.

155. S. Zappia, A. de Leon, M. Alloisio, E. Arias, G. Dellepiane, G. Petrillo, I. Moggio, S. Thea, C. Gallardo-Vega, M. Rodriguez, 'Optoelectronic properties of a perylene substituted (cholesteryl)benzoateethynylene co-polymer', Materials Chem. Phys. 2014, 147, 476-482.

156. G. Rauch, S. Hoeger, 'N-Alkylated and N,N-dialkylated 1,6-diaminoperylene diimides synthesized via copper catalyzed direct aromatic amination', Chem. Comm. (Cambridge, United Kingdom) 2014, 50, 5659-5661.

157. B. M. Savoie, K. L. Kohlstedt, N. E. Jackson, L. X. Chen, M. O. de la Cruz, G. C. Schatz, T. J. Marks, M. A. Ratner, 'Mesoscale molecular network formation in amorphous organic materials', Proc. of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2014, 111, 10055-10060.

158. R. B. Teklebrhan, L. Ge, S. Bhattacharjee, Z. Xu, J. Sjoblom, 'Initial Partition and Aggregation of Uncharged Polyaromatic Molecules at the Oil-Water Interface: A Molecular Dynamics Simulation Study', J. Phys. Chem. B 2014, 118, 1040-1051.

159. J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. de la Pena, J. L. Segura, M. A. Diaz-Garcia, 'Electron Transport in a Water-Soluble Liquid-Crystalline Perylene Bisimide', J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118, 26577-26583.

160. D. Dasgupta, A. M. Kendhale, M. G. Debije, J. ter Schiphorst, I. K. Shishmanova, G. Portale, A. P. H. J. Schenning, 'Effect of the Ortho Alkylation of Perylene Bisimides on the Alignment and Self-Assembly Properties', ChemistryOpen 2014, 3, 138-141.

161. N. Gorczak, S. Tarkuc, N. Renaud, A. J. Houtepen, R. Eelkema, L. D. A. Siebbeles, F. C. Grozema, 'Different Mechanisms for Hole and Electron Transfer along Identical Molecular Bridges: The Importance of the Initial State Delocalization', J. Phys. Chem. A 2014, 118, 3891-3898.

162. S. Koyuncu, H.-W. Wang, F. Liu, K. B. Toga, W. Gu, T. P. Russell, 'A novel complementary absorbing donor-acceptor pair in block copolymers based on single material organic photovoltaics', J. Materials Chem. A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability 2014, 2, 2993-2998.

163. M. Myahkostupov, F. N. Castellano, 'Tetrahedral rigid core antenna chromophores bearing bay-substituted perylenediimides', Tetrahedron 2015, 71, 9519-9527.

164. J. A. Quintana, J. M. Villalvilla, A. de la Pena, J. L. Segura, M. A.Diaz-Garcia, 'Singular Temperatures Connected to Charge Transport Mechanism Transitions in Perylene Bisimides from Steady-State Photocurrent Measurements', J. Phys. Chem. C 2015, 119, 14023-14028.

165. S. Ito, Y. Taga, K. Hiratsuka, S. Takei, D. Kitagawa, S. Kobatake, H. Miyasaka, 'Restricted diffusion of guest molecules in polymer thin films on solid substrates as revealed by three-dimensional single-molecule tracking', Chem. Comm. (Cambridge, United Kingdom) 2015, 51, 13756-13759.

166. S. Hoeger, G. Rauch, 'Preparation of aminated aromatic diimide compounds', Ger. Offen. (2015), DE 102013106983 A1 20150108; Chem. Abstr. 2015, 162, 176426.

167. Y. Y. Kim, B. J. Ree, M. Kido, Y.-G. Ko, R. Ishige, T. Hirai, D. Wi, J. Kim, W. J. Kim, A. Takahara, et al., 'High-performance n-type electrical memory and morphology-induced memory-mode tuning of a well-defined brush polymer bearing perylene diimide moieties', Adv. Electronic Materials 2015, 1, 1500197/1-1500197/15.

168. H. Langhals, T. Schluecker, D. Zgela, 'Automatic sorting of polymer materials on the basis of the fluorescence decay time of the intrinsic fluorescence of the polymer and of the fluorescence of marking agents', PCT Int. Appl. 2015, WO 2015144114 A1 20151001; Chem. Abstr. 2015, 163, 459430.

169. H. Langhals, T. Schluecker, D. Zgela, 'Automatic sorting of polymer materials on the basis of the fluorescence decay time of the intrinsic fluorescence of the polymer and of the fluorescence of marking agents', Ger. Offen. (2015), DE 102014004529 A1 20151015; Chem. Abstr. 2015, 163, 490838.

170. C. Lu, M. Fujitsuka, A. Sugimoto, T. Majima, 'Unprecedented Intramolecular Electron Transfer from Excited Perylenediimide Radical Anion', J. Phys. Chem. C 2016, 120, 12734-12741.

171. P. Cao, O. Khorev, A. Devaux, L. Saegesser, A. Kunzmann, A. Ecker, R. Haener, D. Bruehwiler, G. Calzaferri, P. Belser, 'Supramolecular Organization of Dye Molecules in Zeolite L Channels: Synthesis, Properties, and Composite Materials', Chem. Europ. J. 2016, 22, 4046-4060.

172. C. Yang, C. Zhang, 'Preparation of benzothiophene or benzoselenophene fused perylene imide derivatives useful as receptor in organic solar cells', Faming Zhuanli Shenqing (2016), CN105906652 A 20160831; Chem. Abstr. 2016, 165, 379128.

173. L. Li, R. G. Hadt, S. Yao, W.-Y. Lo, Z. Cai, Q. Wu, B. Pandit, L. X. Chen, L. Yu, 'Photocatalysts based on cobalt-chelating conjugated polymers for hydrogen evolution from water', Chem. Materials 2016, 28, 5394-5399.

174. F. Fernandez Lazaro, N. Zink Lorre, E. Font Sanchis, D. Gutierrez Moreno, A. Sastre Santos, 'Method for producing perylene diimide derivatives', PCT Int. Appl. (2016), WO 2016016498 A1 20160204; Chem. Abstr. 2016, 164, 251523.

175. F. Fernandez Lazaro, N. Zink Lorre, E. Font Sanchis, D. Gutierrez Moreno, A. Sastre Santos, 'Method for producing perylene diimide derivatives', Span. (2016), ES 2558260 A1 20160202; Chem. Abstr. 2017, 167, 393879.

176. H. Langhals, D. Zgela, 'Fluorescent unsaturated perylene derivative polymer nanoparticles with narrow molecular weight for marking plastics', Ger. Offen. (2016), DE 102015006352 A1 20161117; Chem. Abstr. 2016, 165, 595098.

177. N. J. L. K. Davis, R. W. MacQueen, D. A. Roberts, A. Danos, S. Dehn, S. Perrier, T. W.Schmidt, 'Energy transfer in pendant perylene diimide copolymers', J. Materials Chem. C: Materials for Optical and Electronic Devices 2016, 4, 8270-8275.

178. N. Zink-Lorre, E. Font-Sanchis, A. Sastre-Santos, F. Fernandez-Lazaro, 'Easy and mild fluoride-mediated direct mono- and dialkoxylation of perylenediimides', Dyes and Pigm. 2016, 127, 9-17.

179. N. Zink-Lorre, E. Font-Sanchis, A. Sastre-Santos, F. Fernandez-Lazaro, 'Direct alkylthio-functionalization of unsubstituted perylenediimides', Org. & Biomol. Chem. 2016, 14, 9375-9383.

180. J. Lee, R. Singh, D. H. Sin, H. G. Kim, K. C. Song, K. Cho, 'A Nonfullerene Small Molecule Acceptor with 3D Interlocking Geometry Enabling Efficient Organic Solar Cells', Adv. Mater. (Weinheim, Germany) 2016, 28, 69-76.

181. Li Zhang, Dezhi He, Yudong Liu, Kun Wang, Zongxia Guo, Jianbin Lin,Hui-Jun Zhang, '2,5,8,11-Tetraalkenyl perylene bisimides: Direct Regioselective Synthesis and Enhanced π-π Stacking Interaction', Org. Lett. 2016, 18, 5908-5911.

183. H. Langhals, M. Eberspaecher, P. Mayer, 'Uncatalyzed C-H Amination of Aromatic Compounds Under Unusually Mild Conditions with Negative Enthalpies of Activation', Asian J. Org. Chem. 2017, 6, 1080-1085.

183. Z. Cai, R. J. Vazquez, D. Zhao, L. Li, Wai-yip Lo, N. Zhang, Q. Wu, B. Keller, A. Eshun, N. Abeyasinghe, et al. 'Two Photon Absorption Study of Low-Bandgap, Fully Conjugated Perylene Diimide-Thienoacene-Perylene Diimide Ladder-Type Molecules', Chem. Materials 2017, 29, 6726-6732.

184. X. Li, J. Han, S. Wang, Y. Xiao, J. You, 'Triplet annihilation-based up-conversion near infrared photosensitizer, and application of its up-conversion system for improving photoelectric conversion efficiency of photovoltaic cell', Faming Zhuanli Shenqing (2017), CN 106279193 A 20170104; Chem. Abstr. 2017, 166, 174444.

185. S. Samanta, D. Chaudhuri, 'Suppressing Excimers in H-Aggregates of Perylene Bisimide Folda-Dimer: Role of Dimer Conformation and Competing Assembly Pathways', J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2017, 8, 3427-3432.

186. G. Sobczak, T. Wojciechowski, V. Sashuk, 'Submicron Colloidosomes of Tunable Size and Wall Thickness', Langmuir 2017, 33, 1725-1731.

187. Y. Lu, B. Wu, P. Deng, F. Zhu, B. S. Ong, 'Small molecular PDI-functionalized 9,9'-bifluorenylidene acceptors for bulk heterojunction organic solar cells', New J. Chem. 2017, 41, 6822-6827.

188. Q. Wu, D. Zhao, J. Yang, V. Sharapov, Z. Cai, L. Li, N. Zhang, A. Neshchadin, W. Chen, L. Yu, 'Propeller-Shaped Acceptors for High-Performance Non-Fullerene Solar Cells: Importance of the Rigidity of Molecular Geometry', Chem. Materials 2017, 29, 1127-1133.

189. Z. Chen, H. Sun, W. Huang, 'Multidimensional electron transmission material', Faming Zhuanli Shenqing (2017), CN 106432283 A 20170222; Chem. Abstr. 2017, 166, 305078.

190. Y. Guo, Y. Li, O. Awartani, H. Han, J. Zhao, H. Ade, H. Yan, D. Zhao, 'Improved Performance of All-Polymer Solar Cells Enabled by Naphthodiperylenetetraimide-Based Polymer Acceptor', Adv. Materials (Weinheim, Germany) 2017, 29, DOI:10.1002/adma.201700309

191. P. Kumari, K. Khawas, M. K. Bera, S. Hazra, S. Malik, B. K. Kuila, 'Enhanced Charge Carrier Mobility and Tailored Luminescence of n-Type Organic Semiconductor through Block Copolymer Supramolecular Assembly', Macromol. Chem. Phys. 2017, 218, DOI:10.1002/macp.201600508

192. S. Sao, I. Mukherjee, P. De, D. Chaudhuri, 'Encapsulation induced aggregation: a self-assembly strategy for weakly &pi stacking chromophores', Chem. Commun. (Cambridge, United Kingdom) 2017, 53, 3994-3997.

193. M. Yumita, H. Hayata, 'Electrophotographic photoreceptor, image forming method, and image forming apparatus', U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2017), US 20170261870 A1 20170914; Chem. Abstr. 2017, 167, 388630.

194. M. Yumita, H. Hayata, 'Electrophotographic photoreceptor and image forming apparatus having excellent durability and suppressing the generation of image memory and fog even in the case of forming an image at a high process speed', U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2017), US 20170277050 A1 2017092; Chem. Abstr. 2017, AN1568537.

195. Jiajun Wu, Dezhi He, Li Zhang,Yudong Liu, Xiaogang Mo, Jianbin Lin, Hui-jun Zhang, 'Direct Synthesis of Large-Scale Ortho-Iodinated Perylene Diimides: Key Precursors for Functional Dyes', Organic Lett. 2017, 19, 5438-5441.

196. R. Singh, J. Lee, M. Kim, P. E. Keivanidis, K. Cho, 'Control of the molecular geometry and nanoscale morphology in perylene diimide based bulk heterojunctions enables an efficient non-fullerene organic solar cell', J. Materials Chem. A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability 2017, 5, 210-220.

197. C. A. Fuller, C. E.Finlayson, 'Solvatochromism in perylene diimides; experiment and theory', Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2017, 19, 31781-31787.

198. Ming Wang, Qi-jian Zhang, Zhuang Li, Hua Li, Jian-Mei Lu, 'Solvents Effects on Film Morphologies and Memory Behavior of a Perylenediimide-?Containing Pendent Polymer', Chemistry - An Asian J. 2018, 13, 1784-1790.

199. H. Langhals, M. Eberspächer, 'Process for amination of aromatics under mild conditions with negative activation energy', Ger. Offen. 2018, DE 102016014502 A1 20180607; Chem. Abstr. 2018, 169, 63014.

200. M. El-Khouly, A. El-Refaey, S. Y. Shaban, M. El-Kemary, 'Optical properties and structural morphology of one-dimensional perylenediimide derivatives', J. Lumines 2018, 196, 455-461.

201. Ke Liu, Congdi Shang, Zhaolong Wang, Yanyu Qi, Rong Miao, Kaiqiang Liu, Taihong Liu, Yu Fang, 'Non-contact identification and differentiation of illicit drugs using fluorescent films', Nature Commun. 2018, 9, 1-11.

202. H. Langhals, M. Eberspächer, 'Method for production of benzoperylene derivatives by Diels-Alder reaction', Ger. Offen. 2018, DE 102016010081 A1 20180215; Chem. Abstr. 2018, 168, 255854.

203. H. Langhals, 'Fluorophores and their molecular interaction', Ger. Offen. 2018, DE 102017000953 A1 20180802; Chem. Abstr. 2018, 169231329.

204. Weilong Zhou, 'Display panel and display device', Faming Zhuanli Shenqing 2018, CN 107658331 A 20180202; Chem. Abstr. 2018, 170, 593097.

205. Fengjuan Zhu, Qijian Zhang, Jiahui Zhou, Hua Li, Jianmei Lu, 'Tuning the Microstructure of Donor/Acceptor Blend Films To Achieve High-Performance Ternary Data-Storage Devices', J. Phys. Chem. C 2019, 123, 12154-12160.

206. S. Samanta, N. Mukhopadhyay, D. Chaudhuri, 'Rapid and Efficient Electrochemical Actuation in a Flexible Perylene Bisimide Dimer', Chem. Mater. 2019, 31, 899-903.

207. E. Ozturk, H. Eserci, E. Okutan, 'Perylenebisimide-fullerene dyads as heavy atom free triplet photosensitizers with unique singlet oxygen generation efficiencies', J. Photochem. Photobiol., A: Chemistry 2019, 385, 112022.

208. Xingzhu,Wang, Yuzhuo Chen, Lei Yan, Zhixin Liu, Liuping Xie, 'Perylene diimide-based organic solar cell acceptor material and preparation method thereof', Faming Zhuanli Shenqing 2019, CN 110229315 A 20190913; Chem. Abstr. 2019, 171, 416945.

209. H. Langhals, U. Ritter-Faizade, P. Stadler, M. Havlicek, A. Hofer, N S. Sariciftci, 'Persistent radical anions in the series of peri-arylenes: broadband light absorption until far in the NIR and purely organic magnetism', Monatsh. Chemie 2019, 150, 885-900.

210. L. Rocard, D. Hatych, T. Chartier, T. Cauchy, P. Hudhomme, 'Original Suzuki-Miyaura Coupling Using Nitro Derivatives for the Synthesis of Perylenediimide-Based Multimers', Europ. J. Organic Chem. 2019, 7635-7643.

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