Mayr's Database of Reactivity Parameters

N-Nucleophiles

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Name Solvent Reactivity
Parameters
Classification Reference
(title or year)
acetonitrile (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 2.23

sN Param.: 0.84
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 13902-13911
10.1021/ja306522b
(2S,5S)-5-benzyl-2-(tert-butyl)-3-methylimidazolidin-4-one
C15H22N2O*
MeCN

N  Param.: 5.44

sN Param.: 1.12
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 1526-1547
10.1021/jacs.9b11877
(S)-5-benzyl-2,2,3-trimethylimidazolidin-4-one
C13H18N2O*
MeCN

N  Param.: 6.04

sN Param.: 0.92
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 1526-1547
10.1021/jacs.9b11877
(2R,5S)-5-benzyl-3-methyl-2-(5-methylfuran-2-yl)imidazolidin-4-one
C16H18N2O2*
MeCN

N  Param.: 7.39

sN Param.: 1.00
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 1526-1547
10.1021/jacs.9b11877
benzotriazole (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 7.69

sN Param.: 0.76
*Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
1-methyl-benzotriazole (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 7.77

sN Param.: 0.76
*Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
1-phenyl-N-(phenylmethyl)methanimine (in CH2Cl2)
C14H13N*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 7.90

sN Param.: 0.76
**Z. Naturforsch. B 2013, 68b, 693-699
10.5560/ZNB.2013-3085
1-methyl uracil anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 8.54

sN Param.: 0.77
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
N-methyl-1-phenylmethanimine (in CH2Cl2)
C8H9N*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 8.60

sN Param.: 0.77
***Z. Naturforsch. B 2013, 68b, 693-699
10.5560/ZNB.2013-3085
(2S,5S)-5-benzyl-3-methyl-2-(5-methylfuran-2-yl)imidazolidin-4-one
C16H18N2O2*
MeCN

N  Param.: 8.76

sN Param.: 0.89
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 1526-1547
10.1021/jacs.9b11877
N-phenylcyclohexanimine (in CH2Cl2)
C12H15N*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 8.80

sN Param.: 1.00
***Z. Naturforsch. B 2013, 68b, 693-699
10.5560/ZNB.2013-3085
2-tritylpyrrolidine
C23H23N*
MeCN

N  Param.: 9.16

sN Param.: 1.39
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 1526-1547
10.1021/jacs.9b11877
2-methyl-imidazole (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 9.45

sN Param.: 0.54
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
ammonia (in water)
H3N*
water

N  Param.: 9.48

sN Param.: 0.59
***J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 3679-3688
10.1021/jo062586z
N-phenylpropan-2-imine (in CH2Cl2)
C9H11N*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 9.53

sN Param.: 0.85
***Z. Naturforsch. B 2013, 68b, 693-699
10.5560/ZNB.2013-3085
imidazole (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 9.63

sN Param.: 0.57
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
2-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1,3-oxazole (in CH2Cl2)
C4H7NO*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 9.81

sN Param.: 0.77
***Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2013, , 3369-3377
10.1002/ejoc.201300213
(S)-2-(azidodiphenylmethyl)pyrrolidine
C17H18N4*
MeCN

N  Param.: 9.90

sN Param.: 1.22
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 1526-1547
10.1021/jacs.9b11877
1-methyl-imidazole (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 9.91

sN Param.: 0.55
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
2-methyl-benzimidazole (in DMSO)
*
DMSO

N  Param.: 10.02

sN Param.: 0.85
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
1-(2-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethanone (in CH2Cl2)
C6H10N2O*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 10.03

sN Param.: 0.75
***Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2013, , 3369-3377
10.1002/ejoc.201300213
theophylline anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 10.06

sN Param.: 0.71
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
2,2,2-trifluoroethylamine (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 10.13

sN Param.: 0.75
***Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2009, , 6379-6385
10.1002/ejoc.200900925
2,2,2-trifluoroethylamine (in 91M9AN)
C2H4F3N*
MeOH-MeCN mix

N  Param.: 10.20

sN Param.: 0.92
***Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2006, 45, 3869-3874
10.1002/anie.200600542
2-methyl-4,5-dihydrothiazole (in CH2Cl2)
C4H7NS*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 10.20

sN Param.: 0.71
***Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2013, , 3369-3377
10.1002/ejoc.201300213
2,5-dimethyl-benzimidazole (in DMSO)
*
DMSO

N  Param.: 10.21

sN Param.: 0.85
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
formohydrazide (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 10.35

sN Param.: 0.76
***J. Org. Chem. 2012, 77, 8142-8155
10.1021/jo301497g
1-methyl-benzimidazole (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 10.37

sN Param.: 0.82
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
nicotine (in CH2Cl2)
C10H14N2*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 10.40

sN Param.: 1.04
***J. Phys. Org. Chem. 2016, 29, 759-767
10.1002/poc.3580
imidazole (in 91M9AN)
C3H4N2*
MeOH-MeCN mix

N  Param.: 10.41

sN Param.: 0.70
***Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2006, 45, 3869-3874
10.1002/anie.200600542
quinine
*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 10.46

sN Param.: 0.75
***J. Org. Chem. 2009, 74, 7157-7164
10.1021/jo901670w
tert-butylamine (in water)
C4H11N*
water

N  Param.: 10.48

sN Param.: 0.65
***J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 3679-3688
10.1021/jo062586z
4-chloropyridine (in H2O)
C5H4ClN*
water

N  Param.: 10.50

sN Param.: 0.73
*Chem. Eur. J. 2007, 13, 336-345
10.1002/chem.200600941
benzimidazole (in DMSO)
*
DMSO

N  Param.: 10.50

sN Param.: 0.79
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
quinidine
*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 10.54

sN Param.: 0.74
***J. Org. Chem. 2009, 74, 7157-7164
10.1021/jo901670w
5-methyl-benzimidazole (in DMSO)
*
DMSO

N  Param.: 10.69

sN Param.: 0.79
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
uracil anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 10.75

sN Param.: 0.53
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
9-methyl guanine anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 10.77

sN Param.: 0.65
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
saccharin anion (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 10.78

sN Param.: 0.89
***J. Org. Chem. 2010, 75, 5250-5258
10.1021/jo1009883
glycinenitrile (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 10.80

sN Param.: 0.61
***J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 3679-3688
10.1021/jo062586z
6-methoxy-quinoline (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 10.86

sN Param.: 0.66
***J. Org. Chem. 2009, 74, 7157-7164
10.1021/jo901670w
3-methylpyridine (in CH2Cl2)
C6H7N*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 10.90

sN Param.: 0.93
***J. Phys. Org. Chem. 2016, 29, 759-767
10.1002/poc.3580
adenine anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 10.93

sN Param.: 0.62
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
5-methoxy-benzimidazole (in DMSO)
*
DMSO

N  Param.: 11.00

sN Param.: 0.71
*Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
purine anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 11.00

sN Param.: 0.54
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
semicarbazide (in water)
CH5N3O*
water

N  Param.: 11.05

sN Param.: 0.52
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 286-295
10.1021/ja021010y
pyridine (in H2O)
C5H5N*
water

N  Param.: 11.05

sN Param.: 0.73
***Chem. Eur. J. 2007, 13, 336-345
10.1002/chem.200600941
2-formyl-imidazole anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 11.07

sN Param.: 0.50
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
5,6-dimethyl-benzimidazole (in DMSO)
*
DMSO

N  Param.: 11.08

sN Param.: 0.71
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
4-methylpyridine (in H2O)
C6H7N*
water

N  Param.: 11.10

sN Param.: 0.75
***Chem. Eur. J. 2007, 13, 336-345
10.1002/chem.200600941
4-amino-3,5-dibromo-pyridine (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.11

sN Param.: 0.75
***J. Phys. Chem. A 2012, 116, 8494-8499
10.1021/jp3049247
N-(phenylmethyl)propan-2-imine (in CH2Cl2)
C10H13N*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 11.13

sN Param.: 0.73
***Z. Naturforsch. B 2013, 68b, 693-699
10.5560/ZNB.2013-3085
thymine anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 11.17

sN Param.: 0.51
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
1-phenyl-imidazole (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.31

sN Param.: 0.67
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrrolidine
C5H8F3N*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.34

sN Param.: 0.73
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 1526-1547
10.1021/jacs.9b11877
4-nitro-imidazole anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 11.37

sN Param.: 0.53
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
ammonia (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.39

sN Param.: 0.69
***J. Org. Chem. 2012, 77, 8142-8155
10.1021/jo301497g
tert-butyl hydrazinecarboxylate (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.40

sN Param.: 0.70
***J. Org. Chem. 2012, 77, 8142-8155
10.1021/jo301497g
hydroxylamine (in water)
H3NO*
water

N  Param.: 11.41

sN Param.: 0.55
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 286-295
10.1021/ja021010y
1-(trimethylsilyl)-imidazole (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.43

sN Param.: 0.79
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
4-methoxypyridine (in H2O)
C6H7NO*
water

N  Param.: 11.44

sN Param.: 0.68
***Chem. Eur. J. 2007, 13, 336-345
10.1002/chem.200600941
imidazole (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.47

sN Param.: 0.79
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
3-methylpyridine (in MeCN)
C6H7N*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.50

sN Param.: 0.80
***J. Phys. Org. Chem. 2016, 29, 759-767
10.1002/poc.3580
2,4-dimethyl-imidazole (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.51

sN Param.: 0.84
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
benzotriazole anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 11.52

sN Param.: 0.67
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
imidazole (in DMSO)
*
DMSO

N  Param.: 11.58

sN Param.: 0.79
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
4-methyl-quinoline alias lepidine (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.60

sN Param.: 0.62
***J. Org. Chem. 2009, 74, 7157-7164
10.1021/jo901670w
nicotine (in MeCN)
C10H14N2*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.60

sN Param.: 0.81
***J. Phys. Org. Chem. 2016, 29, 759-767
10.1002/poc.3580
guanine anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 11.63

sN Param.: 0.59
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
4-chloropyridine (in CH2Cl2)
C5H4ClN*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 11.70

sN Param.: 0.67
*Chem. Eur. J. 2007, 13, 336-345
10.1002/chem.200600941
1,1-dimethylhydrazine (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.72

sN Param.: 0.73
***Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2012, 51, 1353-1356
10.1002/anie.201107315
2-methyl-imidazole (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.74

sN Param.: 0.76
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
4-methyl-imidazole (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.79

sN Param.: 0.77
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
1-methyl-imidazole (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 11.90

sN Param.: 0.73
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2010, 8, 1929-1935
10.1039/c000965b
isopropylamine (in water)
C3H9N*
water

N  Param.: 12.00

sN Param.: 0.56
***J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 3679-3688
10.1021/jo062586z
(S)-2-(diphenyl((trimethylsilyl)oxy)methyl)pyrrolidine
C20H27NOSi*
MeCN

N  Param.: 12.03

sN Param.: 0.98
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2020, 142, 1526-1547
10.1021/jacs.9b11877
methyl glycinate (in water)
C3H7NO2*
water

N  Param.: 12.08

sN Param.: 0.60
***J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 3679-3688
10.1021/jo062586z
guanosine anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 12.09

sN Param.: 0.52
***Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 127-137
10.1002/chem.201102411
thiocyanate (in MeCN)
CNS*
MeCN

N  Param.: 12.13

sN Param.: 0.60
*J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 14126-14132
10.1021/ja037317u
2,2,2-trifluoroethylamine (in DMSO)
C2H4F3N*
DMSO

N  Param.: 12.15

sN Param.: 0.65
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 286-295
10.1021/ja021010y
4-aminopyridine (in H2O)
C5H6N2*
water

N  Param.: 12.19

sN Param.: 0.66
***Chem. Eur. J. 2007, 13, 336-345
10.1002/chem.200600941
hydroxylamine (in 91M9AN)
H3NO*
MeOH-MeCN mix

N  Param.: 12.23

sN Param.: 0.66
***Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2006, 45, 3869-3874
10.1002/anie.200600542
glycylglycylglycine (anionic, in water)
C6H10N3O4*
water

N  Param.: 12.26

sN Param.: 0.63
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2007, 5, 3814-3820
10.1039/b713778h
propargylamine (in water)
C3H5N*
water

N  Param.: 12.29

sN Param.: 0.59
***J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 3679-3688
10.1021/jo062586z
glycineamide (in water)
C2H6N2O*
water

N  Param.: 12.29

sN Param.: 0.58
***J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 3679-3688
10.1021/jo062586z
2-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazole (in CH2Cl2)
C9H10N2*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 12.31

sN Param.: 0.77
***Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2013, , 3369-3377
10.1002/ejoc.201300213
tert-butylamine (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 12.35

sN Param.: 0.72
***Eur. J. Org. Chem. 2009, , 6379-6385
10.1002/ejoc.200900925
4-pyrrolidinopyridine (in H2O)
C9H12N2*
water

N  Param.: 12.39

sN Param.: 0.66
***Chem. Eur. J. 2007, 13, 336-345
10.1002/chem.200600941
trimethylhydrazine (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 12.43

sN Param.: 0.75
***Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2012, 51, 1353-1356
10.1002/anie.201107315
1,3-dimethylimidazolidin-2-imine
C5H11N3*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 12.46

sN Param.: 0.87
***ChemCatChem 2012, 4, 993-999
10.1002/cctc.201200143
2-pyridone anion (in water)
*
water

N  Param.: 12.47

sN Param.: 0.52
***J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2010, 132, 15380-15389
10.1021/ja106962u
benzohydrazide (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 12.49

sN Param.: 0.66
***J. Org. Chem. 2012, 77, 8142-8155
10.1021/jo301497g
ethanolamine (in water)
C2H7NO*
water

N  Param.: 12.61

sN Param.: 0.58
***J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 3679-3688
10.1021/jo062586z
aniline (in MeCN)
C6H7N*
MeCN

N  Param.: 12.64

sN Param.: 0.68
***J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 3679-3688
10.1021/jo062586z
threonine (anionic, in water)
C4H8NO3*
water

N  Param.: 12.69

sN Param.: 0.60
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2007, 5, 3814-3820
10.1039/b713778h
hydroxylamine (in MeCN)
*
MeCN

N  Param.: 12.80

sN Param.: 0.63
***J. Org. Chem. 2012, 77, 8142-8155
10.1021/jo301497g
ethylamine (in water)
C2H7N*
water

N  Param.: 12.87

sN Param.: 0.58
***J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 3679-3688
10.1021/jo062586z
pyridine (in CH2Cl2)
C5H5N*
dichloromethane

N  Param.: 12.90

sN Param.: 0.67
*Chem. Eur. J. 2007, 13, 336-345
10.1002/chem.200600941
glycylglycine (anionic, in water)
C4H7N2O3*
water

N  Param.: 12.91

sN Param.: 0.59
***Org. Biomol. Chem. 2007, 5, 3814-3820
10.1039/b713778h
4-chloroaniline (in MeCN)
C6H6ClN*
MeCN

N  Param.: 12.92

sN Param.: 0.60
***J. Org. Chem. 2007, 72, 3679-3688
10.1021/jo062586z